Sources

(src-1) - 'Wardle National School Log Book1864-' Rochdale Local Studies, Deposit 297.

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Extracts from Headmasters Log Book

Monday April 9 1866
"The village has not been supplied with work of late in consequence of two mills being entirely closed and only partially running. These being the case a number of families have left thereby causing our numbers to decrease."

Monday February 14 1870
"Many families are leaving the village in consequence of the largest cotton- mill having stopped and it is reported that another is about to stop. Circumstances over which we have no control are making our school less."

Note:
It is thought that the mill stopped was the New Bacup and Wardle Commercial Mill. Later the site of Cornbrook Resin Mill.

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Street numbering

A street numbering system for Wardle appeared for the first time in the census records for 1891. Prior census years only recorded the individual names of : outlying farms: prominent addresses and general areas of the parish e.g Polly Green, Bull Green, Sleighty, Lawflat, Wasp,Wardle Fold.

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Population and demographics

Population 1841-1931

The population enumerated is that residing within the ecclesiastical parish of St. James the Apostle.

The parish came into being in 1859 and its population statistics were first published by the Census authorities in 1861.

population

Data taken from census reports and CEBs indicate that the population probably peaked about 1851.

There are no conclusive statistics prior to the first Victorian census of 1841 that detail the population size for the late 18c and early 19c periods.

pop changes

From 1851 onwards the population of Wardle trends downwards with a sharp fall-off after 1881.This can be seen in stark contrast to the rising population levels both nationally for England and Wales and locally for the Rochdale Union.

One reason why the population of Wardle was in decline might be found from entries in the Wardle National School log book(src-1) made by the head John Ormesher.More

age groups

The age structure of 1851 is markedly youth full with children under the age of 15 forming 41% of the population.
However by 1911 children made up only 26% of the population and the size of the age group 30-64 had increased by 16%.
It has been suggested by other writers that at times of low employment there was a gradual creaming off of the younger and most enterprising elements of the population to seek job opportunities elsewhere.
This coupled with the tendency of those couples remaining to have less children with consequently less mouths to feed thereby hastening de-population.

Household Structures

Household Average Sizes
Year Population Households AvgSize Notes
1851 2227 442 5.0 excludes calfhey workhouse
1911 1559 397 3.9 excludes cottage homes

At the time of the 1851 census households were fairly large and an average size of 5, with half of the households containing from 4 to 7 people.
There was by 1911 a shift in emphasis towards smaller groupings with a little over two thirds of the households now containing no more than 4 people with an average household size of 3.9.

household sizes

The decrease in Wardles' population from 1851 to 1911 may not have been solely due to the national trend toward smaller families but was more likely to be a result of household migration out of the parish.
This can be seen from the table below that shows the number of households recorded to be resident at addresses which were easily identifiable as being the same place in both census years 1851 and 1911More.

By 1911 there were 131 fewer households resident at the known addresses. Just over 500 parishoners had moved from many of its more remote locations. It is worth noting, that from later records, it is known that some of the properties were only temporarily unoccupied and were again inhabited when the compulsory purchase notification was issued to the residents of Watergrove in 1929. Bowers Row, for one is an example of this.
The trend seems to be one of a gradual exodus of families from the most outlying properties of the parish as local industries declined.

Household Migratiom
PlaceOfAbode 1851Households 1911Households
ALDER BANK 6 2
ALDER BANK MILL 1 0
BANK HEY 2 1
BENT HEAD 1 1
BOWERS ROW 8 1
BROAD ING 1 1
BROWN WARDLE 6 1
BUCKLEY PASTURE 4 1
CISS HILL 2 1
CLAY CLOUGH 1 1
CLOUGH BOTTOMS 3 5
CLOUGH HOUSE 7 2
CORNER 2 0
CROOK 8 2
DOBBIN 1 1
DOG ROAD 2 0
DRY BANK 1 0
EAST TOP 1 0
FAFFLETY 1 1
FLAG ALLEY 1 0
FLOWER HILL 2 0
FURTHER BARN 1 0
GREEN ROADS 2 0
GREY PASTURES 1 0
GRINDROD HADES BARN 1 0
HADES 2 1
HADES HILL 1 1
HEY 1 1
HEY BARN 2 0
HEYS 1 0
HIGHER DOBBIN 1 0
HIGHER HADES 2 0
HIGHER PEMMIN 1 1
HIGHER WARDLE 2 2
HILLS 1 0
HOWARTH PASTURES 2 0
HURSTEAD NOOK 3 1
LEE 3 1
LITTLE TOWN 6 3
LOWER HADES 2 1
LOWER HOUSE 4 1
MARLED EARTH 1 1
MEADOW NOOK 1 1
MIDDLE HILL 1 0
MIDDLEWOOD 3 0
MIDLE HILL BARN 1 0
MOOR BARN 1 0
MOOR SIDE 2 1
NAB ROAD 2 0
NEW GATE 13 0
NICK ROAD 2 1
PEMMIN 1 1
POT HOUSE 5 7
RHODES MILL 4 0
RIDINGS 23 10
ROADS 4 1
SCOTS COAT 3 1
SHEEP COTE 2 1
SLACK 3 2
SLACK GATE 2 0
STEWARD BARN 1 1
STID 7 2
STID HEY BOTTOM 4 1
STID SLACK 1 1
THIMBLE HALL 1 1
TOP OF THE MEADOWS 1 1
TRAP 1 0
TRAP INN 1 1
WALL NOOK 2 1
WHITLOW STILE 3 0
WHO STONES 3 0
WOOD END 2 0
WOOD END LANE 2 2
GrandTotal 203 72
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